Several gaps in US law and regulations allow child farmworkers to work at younger ages, for longer hours, and in more hazardous conditions than children working in any other sector. Child farmworkers often work in extreme heat, exposed to toxic pesticides and other dangers. On many of the tobacco farms, child workers are exposed to nicotine, and many report symptoms consistent with acute nicotine poisoning. Many companies have. Child labor is the illegal act of using children in industry or business, even when conditions are inhumane.
Essay on Social Issues: 8 Selected Essays on Social Issues
The main object of the Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act, is to address the social concern and prohibit the engagement of children who have not completed 14th year of age in certain employments and to regulate the conditions of work of children has been prohibited in occupations relating to i transport of passengers, goods or mails by railways ii bidi making iii carpet weaving iv manufacturing of matches, explosives and fire v soap manufacture vi wool cleaning vii building and construction industry. The Act prohibits employment of child in about 13 occupations and about 51 processes. The Act provides that no child shall be permitted to work between 7 p. No child shall work for more than 3 hours before he has an interval of one hour. Spread over has been fixed at six hours. A cannot work in more than one establishment on any day. A weekly holiday is allowed.
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Child labour British English or child labor American English ; see spelling differences refers to the exploitation of children through any form of work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and is mentally, physically, socially and morally harmful. Child labour has existed to varying extents throughout history. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, many children aged 5—14 from poorer families worked in Western nations and their colonies alike. These children mainly worked in agriculture, home-based assembly operations, factories, mining, and services such as news boys —some worked night shifts lasting 12 hours. With the rise of household income, availability of schools and passage of child labour laws, the incidence rates of child labour fell.
Child labour means that children are forced to work like adults and take part in an economic activity. According to the ILO International Labour Organization the term is applied to people up to age thirteen, or seventeen in case of dangerous work. Only about a fourth of the ILO members have ratified the respective convention, but the age limits are generally accepted.