But though in science the particular truths precede the general theory, the contrary might be expected to be the case with a practical art, such as morals or legislation. All action is for the sake of some end, and rules of action, it seems natural to suppose, must take their whole character and colour from the end to which they are subservient. When we engage in a pursuit, a clear and precise conception of what we are pursuing would seem to be the first thing we need, instead of the last we are to look forward to. A test of right and wrong must be the means, one would think, of ascertaining what is right or wrong, and not a consequence of having already ascertained it. Here, Mill discusses the epistemological problem of whether a discipline's theory should proceed from its first principles, or vice-versa. Mill argues that there is a distinction between empirical disciplines e.
Utilitarianism Quotes and Analysis
Utilitarianism Essay Examples - Free Research Papers on kohlsconnection.info
My Account Log in Registration. Consider changing the search query. List is empty. Fiction Books. Non-Fiction Books.
Introduction to Utilitarianism
The first Chapter of Mill's treatise covers a general outline of his argument. He briefly discusses his reasons for writing the treatise, his goals for the work, and the moves he will make in arguing for his specific brand of utilitarianism. Mill begins with a discussion of theories and first principles, drawing an analogy between the sciences and the study of morality.
In the history of philosophy Utilitarianism has been viewed as one of the best of the moral theories. It has become one the most powerful, influential, and most persuasive approach to normative ethics. The utilitarianism theory also has had a major impacts on approaches to economic, political, and social policy.